Calligraphy (from Greek κάλλος kallos "beauty" + γραφή graphẽ "writing") is a type of
visual art. It is often called the art of fancy lettering. A contemporary definition of calligraphic practice is
"the art of giving form to signs in an expressive, harmonious and skillful manner" The story of writing is one of
aesthetic evolution framed within the technical skills, transmission speed(s) and material limitations of a person,
time and place. A style of writing is described as a script, hand or alphabet.
Modern calligraphy ranges from functional hand-lettered inscriptions and designs to
fine-art pieces where the abstract expression of the handwritten mark may or may not compromise the legibility of
the letters. Classical calligraphy differs from typography and non-classical hand-lettering, though a calligrapher
may create all of these; characters are historically disciplined yet fluid and spontaneous, improvised at the
moment of writing.
Calligraphy continues to flourish in the forms of wedding and event invitations, font
design/typography, original hand-lettered logo design, religious art, announcements/graphic design/commissioned
calligraphic art, cut stone inscriptions and memorial documents. It is also used for props and moving images for
film and television, testimonials, birth and death certificates, maps, and other works involving writing. Some of
the finest works of modern calligraphy are charters and letters patent issued by monarchs and officers of state in
Calligraphy tattoos in san diego are best at guilty pleasures tattoo shop. We specialize
in calligraphy tattoos from japan korea vietnam china mongolia places where ninjas live thailand the philipine
islands or you can call them filipinos or whatever. We got all kinds of crazy calligraphy designs up in this
monkey. So peep this tattoo shop in san diego out.
Aśoka's edicts (c. 265–238 BC) were committed to stone. These inscriptions are stiff and
angular in form. Following the Aśoka style of Indic writing, two new calligraphic types appear: Kharoṣṭī and
Brāhmī. Kharoṣṭī was used in the northwestern regions of India from the 3rd century BC to the 4th century of the
Christian Era, and it was used in Central Asia until the 8th century.
In many parts of ancient India, the inscriptions were carried out in smoke-treated palm
leaves. This tradition dates back to over two thousand years . Even after the Indian languages were put on
paper in the 13th century, palm leaves where considered a preferred medium of writing owing to its longevity
(nearly 400 years) compared to paper. Both sides of the leaves were used for writing. Long rectangular strips were
gathered on top of one another, holes were drilled through all the leaves, and the book was held together by
string. Books of this manufacture were common to Southeast Asia. The palm leaf was an excellent surface for
penwriting, making possible the delicate lettering used in many of the scripts of southern Asia.
Burnt clay and Copper were a favoured material for Indic inscriptions. In
the north of India, birch bark was used as a writing surface as early as the 2nd century AD
Calligraphy is central in Tibetan culture. The script is derived from Indic scripts. The
nobles of Tibet, such as the High Lamas and inhabitants of the Potala Palace, were usually capable calligraphers.
Tibet has been a center of Buddhism for several centuries, and that religion places a great deal of significance on
written word. This does not provide for a large body of secular pieces, although they do exist (but are usually
related in some way to Tibetan Buddhism).
Almost all high religious writing involved calligraphy, including letters sent by the
Dalai Lama and other religious and secular authority. Calligraphy is particularly evident on their prayer wheels,
although this calligraphy was forged rather than scribed, much like Arab and Roman calligraphy is often found on
buildings. Although originally done with a reed, Tibetan calligraphers now use chisel tipped pens and markers as
Islamic calligraphy (calligraphy in Arabic is Khatt ul-Yad خط اليد) has evolved alongside
the religion of Islam and the Arabic language. As it is based on Arabic letters, some call it "Arabic calligraphy".
However the term "Islamic calligraphy" is a more appropriate term as it comprises all works of calligraphy by the
Muslim calligraphers from Morocco to China.
Islamic calligraphy is associated with geometric Islamic art (arabesque) on the walls and
ceilings of mosques as well as on the page. Contemporary artists in the Islamic world draw on the heritage of
calligraphy to use calligraphic inscriptions or abstractions.
Instead of recalling something related to the spoken word, calligraphy for Muslims is a
visible expression of the highest art of all, the art of the spiritual world. Calligraphy has arguably become the
most venerated form of Islamic art because it provides a link between the languages of the Muslims with the
religion of Islam. The holy book of Islam, al-Qur'an, has played an important role in the development and evolution
of the Arabic language, and by extension, calligraphy in the Arabic alphabet. Proverbs and passages from the Qur'an
are still sources for Islamic calligraphy.
It is generally accepted that Islamic calligraphy excelled during the Ottoman era. Turkish
calligraphers still present the most refined and creative works.Istanbul is an open exhibition hall for all kinds
and varieties of calligraphy, from inscriptions in mosques to fountains, schools, houses, etc.